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امتیاز کاربران

ستاره فعالستاره فعالستاره فعالستاره فعالستاره فعال
 

انتشارات: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT Press)

اثر: Dario Floreano and Claudio Mattiussi

تعداد صفحه: 674

حجم: 13.8MB

جلد کتاب

توضیحات کتاب (خلاصه پیشگفتار):

This book is an introduction to the bio-inspired artificial intelligence that is emerging in the twenty-first century. For almost fifty years, mainstream artificial intelligence focused on creating computers and algorithms that displayed human cognitive abilities. Over time, it gradually departed from its original source of inspiration – biological intelligence – and became increasingly concerned with efficient signal processing, optimal control, and data mining.

 

Mainstream artificial intelligence has been very successful at designing algorithms and devices that solve problems that most humans are not very good at, such as playing chess, controlling aircraft dynamics, or finding the three-dimensional structure of proteins. But, in doing so, it ended up neglecting fundamental aspects of biological intelligence, such as physical embodiment, behavioral autonomy, self-healing, social interaction, evolution and learning, that make biological organisms prone to errors and sometimes difficult to predict, but also so successful to survive in unknown and changing environments.

The new artificial intelligence, as it is sometimes called, that emerged at the turn of the millennium expanded its focus of attention from human brains and cognitive reasoning to a wider range of organisms, processes, and phenomena that occur at multiple spatial and temporal scales. This change reflected not only a philosophical revolution where humans are no longer at the center of the biological universe, but also a technological revolution where desktop computers are dissolving into a swarm of virtual and physical artifacts (Internet agents, virtual personae, personal digital assistants, communication devices, mobile robots, intelligent prostheses, etc.) in need of real-time and embedded intelligence, autonomous behavior, self-adaptation, and social awareness to interact, merge, and substitute with us.

This book aims at providing a systematic introduction to the theories and methods of bio-inspired artificial intelligence, and at providing a toolbox of design principles for engineers. Theories and methods are accompanied by sample software and hardware technologies to illustrate the application bioinspired artificial intelligence. The material is organized into seven chapters that gradually guide the reader through biological and artificial systems that operate at different temporal and spatial scales.

Approaches that combine methods and technologies operating at multiple temporal and spatial scales are introduced only at a stage when their constituent elements have already been introduced. Whether you are a student, an advanced researcher, or simply curious about the future of artificial intelligence, we hope that you will find this book instructive and useful.

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